Original paper: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8397040
The diffusion of fake images and videos on social networks is a fast growing problem. Commercial media editing tools allow anyone to remove, add, or clone people and objects, to generate fake images. Many techniques have been proposed to detect such conventional fakes, but new attacks emerge by the day. Image-to-image translation, based on generative adversarial networks (GANs), appears as one of the most dangerous, as it allows one to modify context and semantics of images in a very realistic way. In this paper, we study the performance of several image forgery detectors against image-to-image translation, both in ideal conditions, and in the presence of compression, routinely performed upon uploading on social networks. The study, carried out on a dataset of 36302 images, shows that detection accuracies up to 95% can be achieved by both conventional and deep learning detectors, but only the latter keep providing a high accuracy, up to 89%, on compressed data.